Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process and management tool for both planning and decision making, which assists to identify, predict, and evaluate the foreseeable environmental and social impacts caused by the proposed project, during the preparation, construction, operation, decommissioning, closure and post-closure phases. EIA aims to harmonize the development activities with the environment and society.

Our Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and Planning teams specialize in the process of gaining approvals, permitting, licensing, and planning support. We work with organizations focused on investing, developing, or expanding existing assets, seeking on-going maintenance for their operations and infrastructure, or the closure of their facilities. We get involved at the strategic advisory, procurement, due diligence, and monitoring phases of any project. In each case, we work to deliver positive outcomes for all stakeholders.

With our multidisciplinary team of scientists, sociologists, archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, engineers, geographers, heritage specialists, economists, and communications experts, we are well positioned to analyze the living environments in which projects are undertaken. We combine our experience with Local and global standards ECD, WHO, IFC, World Bank Standards, with a thorough understanding of the local regulatory systems and cultural sensitivities.

EIA Type Project

For the EIA type projects, the project proponent is required to submit "Terms of Reference (TOR)" and "Scoping Report" which include the proposed contents and the scope of the EIA study. This process is called as "Scoping". At this timing, "Public Consultation" must be held by the proponent so as to collect opinions from stakeholders related to the proposed project.

The proponent then undertakes the necessary investigation according to the approved TOR such as; data collection, impact analysis, consideration of mitigation measures and so on. An "Environmental Impact Assessment Report" and "Environmental Management Plan (EMP)" will be prepared based on all results of the investigation.

The proponent must hold a "Public Consultation" at any timing during the investigation process inviting to the relevant stakeholders including Project Affected People (PAPs), NGOs, governmental bodies, and so on. The draft of EIA Report and EMP shall be updated for reflecting those comments from the participants of the Public Consultation.

An "EIA Report Review Body", which consists of members from relevant ministries and experts, will review and assess the reports / documents submitted by the Proponent. Based on the recommendations, the Minister makes a decision whether or not the submitted report should be approved. If approved, ECD issues an "Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC)" with necessary conditions to protect the environment, subject to payment of service fees as prescribed by ECD.


IEE, "Initial Environmental Examination”, means a process applied to any projects which would cause certain environmental / social impacts but not significant. IEE report and EMP shall be submitted to ECD, then those reports will be reviewed by ECD. Public consultation is also required at any timing during the investigation. ECC will be issued by MONREC upon successful review.

Community Focused

We help clients to position and optimize their projects with a view to maximizing acceptance from the populations that will be affected either directly or indirectly. A project’s social acceptability hinges on multi-sector studies and opinion or perception surveys, as well as on consistent communications with stakeholders. These processes make it possible not only to implement projects with higher levels of social acceptance, but also to adapt them more effectively to the local context. In addition, our strategic planning team helps clients to design and implement long-term strategic and economic planning objectives, including sustainable development planning.

Our ESIA services include: